Types of seizures:

Focal seizures are also known as partial and localised. They are often preceded by a sensory aura.
Generalised seizures involve a loss of consciousness and usually happen without warning.

  • Tonic-clonic: A contraction then extension of limbs, arching of the back and then limbs shaking together.
  • Tonic: Constant contractions of the muscles which may impair breathing.
  • Clonic: Limbs shaking together.
  • Myoclonic: Muscle spasms.
  • Absence: Subtle movements of the head or an eye followed by disorientation.
  • Myoclonic: Muscle spasms.
  • Atonic: Loss of muscle activity.

Nocturnal epilepsy is a seizure disorder in which seizures occur only while sleeping. Several common forms of epilepsy, including frontal lobe epilepsy, can happen at night.

More about epileptic seizures …

We hope you find these resources useful:

Epilepsy Action The British Epilepsy Association is a charity that aims to improve the lives of everyone affected by epilepsy. They give advice, improve healthcare, fund research and campaign for change.

Seizure Journal of Epilepsy Action – A systematic literature review of seizure detection methods for personal use.

Epilepsy Research Supports and promotes basic and clinical scientific research into the causes, treatments and prevention of epilepsy.

Epilepsy Society Medical research, medical care, residential care and information services.

Young Epilepsy The National Centre for Young People with Epilepsy (NCYPE). Better futures for young lives with epilepsy and associated conditions.

Epilepsy Foundation Overcoming the challenges of living with epilepsy and accelerating therapies to stop seizures, find cures, and save lives.

Identifying and Treating Nocturnal Seizures Healthline article.

Danny Did Foundation Advancing awareness of epilepsy and sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP).

Epilepsy Centre Providing quality, caring services to people living with epilepsy and improving community awareness and attitudes.

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